Software Engineering Institute | Carnegie Mellon University
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Technical Report

Success in Acquisition: Using Archetypes to Beat the Odds

  • September 2010
  • By William E. Novak, Linda Levine
  • This report describes key elements in systems thinking, provides an introduction to general systems archetypes, and applies these concepts to the software acquisition domain.
  • Acquisition Support
  • Publisher: Software Engineering Institute
    CMU/SEI Report Number: CMU/SEI-2010-TR-016
  • Abstract

    This project on patterns of failure is based on experiences with actual programs, and employs concepts from systems thinking to analyze dynamics that have been observed in software development and acquisition practice. The software acquisition and development archetypes, based in part on the general systems archetypes, have been created as part of an ongoing effort to characterize and help manage patterns of counterproductive behavior in software development and acquisition.  

    This report introduces key concepts in systems thinking and the general systems archetypes, and then applies these concepts to the software-reliant acquisition domain. Twelve selected software acquisition and development archetypes are each described and illustrated by a real-life scenario, and guidance is provided on both recovering from and preventing these dynamics. Finally, the authors consider implications of the work and future directions for research.

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Cite This Report

SEI

Novak, William; & Levine, Linda. Success in Acquisition: Using Archetypes to Beat the Odds. CMU/SEI-2010-TR-016. Software Engineering Institute, Carnegie Mellon University. 2010. http://resources.sei.cmu.edu/library/asset-view.cfm?AssetID=9519

IEEE

Novak. William, and Levine. Linda, "Success in Acquisition: Using Archetypes to Beat the Odds," Software Engineering Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Technical Report CMU/SEI-2010-TR-016, 2010. http://resources.sei.cmu.edu/library/asset-view.cfm?AssetID=9519

APA

Novak, William., & Levine, Linda. (2010). Success in Acquisition: Using Archetypes to Beat the Odds (CMU/SEI-2010-TR-016). Retrieved October 19, 2017, from the Software Engineering Institute, Carnegie Mellon University website: http://resources.sei.cmu.edu/library/asset-view.cfm?AssetID=9519

CHI

William Novak, & Linda Levine. Success in Acquisition: Using Archetypes to Beat the Odds (CMU/SEI-2010-TR-016). Pittsburgh, PA: Software Engineering Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, 2010. http://resources.sei.cmu.edu/library/asset-view.cfm?AssetID=9519

MLA

Novak, William., & Levine, Linda. 2010. Success in Acquisition: Using Archetypes to Beat the Odds (Technical Report CMU/SEI-2010-TR-016). Pittsburgh: Software Engineering Institute, Carnegie Mellon University. http://resources.sei.cmu.edu/library/asset-view.cfm?AssetID=9519

BibTex

@techreport{NovakSuccessin2010,
title={Success in Acquisition: Using Archetypes to Beat the Odds},
author={William Novak and Linda Levine},
year={2010},
number={CMU/SEI-2010-TR-016},
institution={Software Engineering Institute, Carnegie Mellon University},
address={Pittsburgh, PA},
url={http://resources.sei.cmu.edu/library/asset-view.cfm?AssetID=9519} }