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Applying the Goal-Question-Indicator-Metric (GQIM) Method to Perform Military Situational Analysis

May 2016 Technical Note
Douglas Gray

This report describes how to use the goal-question-indicator-metric method in tandem with the military METT-TC method (mission, enemy, time, terrain, troops available, and civil-military considerations).

Abstract

When developing situational awareness in support of military operations, the U.S. armed forces use a mnemonic, or memory aide, to enable planners at all echelons to provide a comprehensive analysis of the situation. The mnemonic is METT-TC, which stands for mission, enemy, time, terrain, troops available, and civil-military considerations. By coupling METT-TC with the goal-question-indicator-metric (GQIM) method for goal-driven measurement, military planners can develop operational resilience metrics that are mission oriented and take advantage of situational awareness. This technical note describes how to use the two methods in tandem.