Software Engineering Institute | Carnegie Mellon University
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Technical Note

Interoperable Acquisition for Systems of Systems: The Challenges

  • September 2006
  • By James Smith , Mike Phillips
  • This 2006 report explores how systems-of-systems realities necessitate changes in the processes used to acquire, develop, field, and sustain operational capability.
  • System of Systems
  • Publisher: Software Engineering Institute
  • Abstract

    Large, complex systems development has always been challenging, even when the "only" things a program manager had to worry about were cost, schedule, and performance within a single program. The emergence of operational concepts such as network-centric operations, greatly expanded use of joint and combined operations, and rampant growth in system complexity has led to the prevalence of interoperable systems of systems as the preferred solution to providing operational capability. This report explores how systems-of-systems realities necessitate changes in the processes used to acquire, develop, field, and sustain operational capability. Interoperable acquisition is defined, and key concepts are explored through an analysis of some of the ways in which traditional (i.e., system-centric) acquisition approaches can result in problems when applied to a system-of-systems context.

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Cite This Report

SEI

Smith, James; & Phillips, Michael. Interoperable Acquisition for Systems of Systems: The Challenges (CMU/SEI-2006-TN-034). Software Engineering Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, 2006. http://resources.sei.cmu.edu/library/asset-view.cfm?AssetID=7989

IEEE

Smith. James, and Phillips. Michael, "Interoperable Acquisition for Systems of Systems: The Challenges," Software Engineering Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Technical Note CMU/SEI-2006-TN-034, 2006. http://resources.sei.cmu.edu/library/asset-view.cfm?AssetID=7989

APA

Smith, James., & Phillips, Michael. (2006). Interoperable Acquisition for Systems of Systems: The Challenges (CMU/SEI-2006-TN-034). Retrieved December 22, 2014, from the Software Engineering Institute, Carnegie Mellon University website: http://resources.sei.cmu.edu/library/asset-view.cfm?AssetID=7989

CHI

James Smith, & Michael Phillips. Interoperable Acquisition for Systems of Systems: The Challenges (CMU/SEI-2006-TN-034). Pittsburgh, PA: Software Engineering Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, 2006. http://resources.sei.cmu.edu/library/asset-view.cfm?AssetID=7989

MLA

Smith, James., & Phillips, Michael. 2006. Interoperable Acquisition for Systems of Systems: The Challenges (Technical Report CMU/SEI-2006-TN-034). Pittsburgh: Software Engineering Institute, Carnegie Mellon University. http://resources.sei.cmu.edu/library/asset-view.cfm?AssetID=7989